Mesothelioma is a type of cancer. The disease affects the lining of the chest cavity and lungs by developing a lump in these areas. Sometimes, it affects the abdomen lining. This is caused by exposure to asbestos. There is still little information on how little the exposure to asbestos is risky. People who work at construction sites and mines are more likely to get this type of cancer. However, even the people who handle the clothes of these workers can get the disease. This is a rare type of cancer but a lot of information is being sought due to its linkage to asbestos.
Some people think that this cancer can be brought about by smoking. Recent studies tend to differ as there is no direct link of smoking and mesothelioma as lung cancer and smoking.
This is a deadly disease, with no cure. Therefore, one has to know the early signs and symptoms in order to treat it early enough.
Signs of the disease attacking the mesothelium are chest pain, shortness of breath, weight loss and frequent coughs. When the disease is attacking the lining of the abdomen, one is likely to experience unexplainable weight loss and abdominal swelling and pain. Other symptoms include coughing blood, pain in the fluid that covers the lungs, a hoarse cough, wheezing a lot and a problematic bowel functioning. In extreme and advanced cases, patients tend to experience jaundice, blood clots, weight loss and pleural effusion. These symptoms end to show after 10 to 50 years of exposure to asbestos. The symptoms are also too general and may be used to confuse the actual disease with a different one. This is why it is important that people visit hospitals with state-of-the-art equipment that will accurately perform a diagnosis.
It is imperative that one takes preventive measures as the disease is incurable. People who are exposed to asbestos in their daily work need to wear protective gear. Direct contact with asbestos will increase the chances of one contacting mesothelioma.
Everyone should go for frequent medical checkups so that the disease is diagnosed early enough. There are several treatment options. One can go for surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
Treatment greatly depends on the level of the disease and how much damage it has caused the body. Some patients may only need to undergo epidemiology, immunotherapy or multimodality therapy.
People are also advised to eat healthy meals and a balanced diet to boost the immune system and prevent the disease from doing any further body damage.
In conclusion, once one spots these early signs, medical advice should be sought immediately. Since it is a deadly disease, treatment should be done by a skilled doctor. This is mainly to improve chances of survival.
Harry Hassami is the author and producers of The Mesothelioma Journal. The complete website information about the mesothelioma.